Anglo-French Relations The Cloak of Secrecy A personal voyage of detection

George Kendall, Spy and a founder of Jamestown, Virginia

On 31 May 1567 Henry Earl of Huntingdon was granted the wardship and marriage of Henry Kendall, son and heir of George Kendall, from 2nd  October 1566 when George died. I do not know for sure that this was the same George and Henry but the dates fit. The reason for the grant of the wardship is not clear. Was it a Kendall connection to Hastings or one to Dudley? Henry’s connection to the Countess of Salisbury may be relevant given Margaret’s presence at Anne Foix-Candalle’s wedding in Paris. The Dudley family’s connections to the de Grailly/de Foix family may also be relevant, and in April that year Germain-Gaston de Foix had made a further visit to England for Catherine de Medici.

Robert Cecil seems to have visited France first in 1583 and then in August and September 1584, presumably to learn the dynamics of the country. This objective was clearly assisted through his editing and updating an existing script of ‘who is who’ in France and their alliances. The Foix and Carmain de Nègrepelisse families clearly feature.

The war to expel Spain from Flanders had been underway for some years and in 1596 the Cardinal-Archduke Albert (Habsburg) was Governor and effective ruler of the Netherlands. He was shortly to marry King Philip’s daughter Isabella (Tree 2). Motley in his ‘History of the United Netherlands’ (1861) tells us that Henri IV (of France) ‘who loved his jest, whether at his own expense or that of friend or foe, was wont to observe that there were three things which nobody would ever believe, and which yet were very true; that Queen Elizabeth deserved her title of the throned vestal, that he was himself a good Catholic, and that Cardinal Albert was a good general. It is probable that the assertions were all equally accurate’. It was also clear from reports at that time that Henri IV wanted a general peace, but the Archduke was prevented from agreeing to this by King Philip of Spain who was unwilling for this without Catholic primacy.



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