Anglo-French Relations The Cloak of Secrecy A personal voyage of detection



George Kendall, Spy and a founder of Jamestown, Virginia

On 25 July Thomas Windebank writes to William Cecil to confirm that he has found accommodation with ‘a courtier, and is learned and has had charge in the wars and is of indifferent good religion’. With him are Thomas Kendall (was this a son of the above Thomas?) and Thomas Cecil, William’s eldest son. Granted access to court they attended a celebration for the King. Thomas Kendall fell ill and returned to England with letters. Prior to his arrival in England, there are some interesting letters dated October 1561: Cecil to Windebank – ‘looks daily for Candalle’s coming’; Throgmorton (Ambassador in Paris) to Cecil – correspondence ‘sent by Candalle’.

Although the writing seems to have been in English, it is possible that both correspondents were of a French mind at the time. The fact that two correspondents call Thomas Kendall Candalle, indicates at the very least a likelihood that they associate this person with the Candalle family in France. In a report on events in France six months later Throgmorton to Cecil states that ‘the Cardinal de Bourbon (being the King’s Lieutenant here) assisted by Marshall de Thermes, M. Candalle and others, has given orders to put the same in force , and has drawn up all the bridges’ (at the advance of the Admiral Coligny). This Candalle was probably Frederic de Foix-Candalle.

In the agreement that Jean de Foix, Earl of Kendal made with Charles VII at Bordeaux in 1451, he was referred to in it as ‘Monseigneur de Candalle’. On 12.11.1478 Louis XI wrote to ‘nostre amé et réal Cousin Le Sire de Candalle et a Les Sires de Durfort et de Montferrand’ confirming their right to sell wine for profit in the taverns of Bordeaux etc. In a 1512 ciphered letter (State Papers) Knight writes to Cardinal Wolsey, saying that ‘he had tried to gain over the Archbishop of (Bordeaux), brother to Mons. de Kendall, one of the noblest of Gascoigne…’. In the 1528 bill for the attainder of James, Earl of Desmond, he was charged with treason ‘in receiving and comforting the Lord Kendall (Comte de Candalle) of France’… (CSP Ireland 1529). On 26th May 1532 Henry VIII wrote to ‘Mons. de Bordeaux et a Mons. de Candalle’ to notify them of a prohibition on wine coming from Gascony in French ships. The Archbishop of Bordeaux was Jean de Foix-Candalle, and Mons de Candalle was Gaston, his brother.

 
 

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