The first John Despard (Tree 1) seems to have been the reason that the Diaries mention Glengariff. Glengariff is a harbour village just to the north of the town of Bantry. It is probable that the partnership he had with Richard White was more than a farming and trading partnership. They clearly had leases on the land ‘of Valentia’ (Annesley) that they controlled, since these were subsequently sold for value. In the National Archives of Ireland I found a deed of grant of part of the Bantry property in 1717 by William D of Kilaghy (probably the nephew of John) and on 28.5.1731 Richard D of Cranagh sold the ‘Manor, Town and lands of Bantry’ to Richard White junior. In August 1731 he bought the Manor of Villiers (11,000 acres) with William Carden and Walter Stephens.
In the ‘Gentleman’s Magazine’ (Nr 149 (1831) p207) relating to a subsequent Annesley family dispute that referred to the Whites (eventually Earls of Bantry) there is the following comment: ‘At the period in question, the land formed the subject of the lawsuit, consisting of the fertile island of Whiddy near Bantry, and a vast tract of mountains round the bay, and was farmed by two persons named White and Despard, who had emigrated from the Queen’s County. At Whiddy, however, they realised good fortunes, ostensibly by agriculture, but much increased, as was reported, by illicit trade, for which this remote and almost inaccessible district at that time afforded great facilities. Despard, satisfied with his acquisitions, sold his share of the farm to White and returned to Queen’s County.’
The story indicated by the foregoing is that the Despards were in partnership with the Whites and (and probably Hugh Hutchinson) and that at some point they had acquired good title to a substantial parcel of land effectively controlling the south and east side of Bantry Bay with Whiddy Island and probably Glengariff. It is likely that all this land was held by lease from the Annesley family. I could see no references to grants or title deeds from the Annesley family at that time, but these must have been granted for value, or possibly for a share of the trading partnership.
In 1666 King Charles granted to Arthur Annesley, Earl of Anglesey, a considerable acreage in Ireland (in addition to that which he already owned), producing rents of up to £4,000 pa. This included 4,412 acres at Bantry and Beare. (I am not sure if the 800 acre Whiddy Island was part of this grant or a separate one.)