Anglo-French Relations The Cloak of Secrecy A personal voyage of detection

Irish Despard Origins

‘The Nobilities of Europe’ by Ruvigny (1909), expands on this: Ignatius’ ancestor was created Baron Albi by Emperor Maximiliam in 1513. Ignatius’ father was Dominick of Limerick, who was Sheriff (1628) and Mayor of Limerick (1636), and he was created in 1658 Count of Albi (Albeville) by Emperor Leopold. Ingatius had a closer involvement with the Stuarts than Marshall implies. He was for many years an envoy of Charles II in Brussels, and was in 1674 created Baron Vicque in Holland (where he was known as Ignatius Vitus). In 1677 he was made a Baronet by Charles and later that year a Privy Councillor. In 1679 Charles gave him permission to accept titles from any nation friendly to Charles’ interests. Following his unsuccessful time as special Ambassador to William he joined King James in Ireland and was made a Privy Councillor there, before departing with James to France, where he became his Secretary of State. He died in 1694.

More light is thrown on Ignatius White’s activity in ‘Shaping the Stuart world, 1603-1714’, By Allan I. Macinnes and Arthur H. Williamson (2006). ‘James’s decision to appoint Ignatius White, Marquis d’Albeville to replace Bevil Skelton as Ambassador to the United Provinces was another victory for the French faction. D’Albeville was not only an old and trusted servant of the Stuart cause, but also a trusted agent of the French Ambassador Barillon. D’Albeville again accepted money from France just prior to his departure for the Netherlands (a pension of 4,000 livres, and he was to convert the Princess of Orange to the Catholic faith) making “all possible engagements” with Barillon. Once in the United Provinces d’Albeville met nightly with the French Ambassador d’Avaux to co-ordinate their efforts.’ How involved had he been with Barillon in London, and was he a confident of de Gramont and Ruvigny at that time?

After the revolution there was a detailed enquiry into those involved in the Rye House trials, executions and deaths. More extensive were the investigations into the French funding of Charles II and James II.



  1. Please don’t publish my name or email. I have not read everything here, so perhaps I missed this information, but the reason that the Despards in Ireland are traced only to the date you mention is that the family, as Huguenots had fled to Ireland from France after The Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre.

    1. Thank you for that. However – from 1572 until 1692 there are no records showing the use of the Despard or d’Espard names in either Ireland or England. There are no records of the use of that name in France before that date. Balzac, writing in circa 1840 used that name in a coded fashion which I analyse in my article.

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