I was only able to come up with the suggestions – that Kendalls in England were prevented from directly trading with France, following the ban on trading, and hence trading with a new name from Ireland mitigated the risks; and/or that they had some concern with regard to action that might be taken against them by King William. This might seem logical to the de Gramonts and other contacts, if they had been involved in the Treaty of Dover funding. (If Balzac’s connections are correct, then an additional consideration would result from the fact that the de Foix were thrice related to the Stuarts through the Bourbons. I am not sure therefore how overt support for King William would have been regarded at this point, and this might have been another reason supporting the need for a ‘cover story’.)
More than this, it is probable that Philibert de Gramont helped in creating the name and legend. If the Treaty of Dover funding connection is correct Philibert will have worked profitably with Despards before – whatever their earlier name. In 1692 Philibert was Richard White’s Uncle. Philibert de Gramont’s sister died on 31.7.1688. As a result he inherited properties including the Baronnie des Angles in Bigorre/Bearn, and next to this was the Baronnie d’Esparros. As mentioned earlier, this had been the property of André de Foix – referred to in state papers as ‘Desparcoix’ and ‘Desparres’. Philibert was active in 1692-3 filing documents relating to his inherited properties before the Chambre des Finances de Navarre. It is likely that this will have exposed him to elements of local history. I grant that it could just be co-incidence that the first proven use of the Despard name was in 1692. However, it was also in 1692-3 that he and his nephew the Duc de Gramont were involved with the corsairs.
In that same period we have the following: In October 1691 the Treaty of Limerick ended hostilities in Ireland; April-May 1692 the planned invasion of England by King James; on 24.8.1692 Lambert Despard’s daughter died in America; on 2.12.1692 we have the first two Despards registered at Trinity College Dublin; in January to March 1693 we have the Desarres intelligence reports to Ruvigny; on 24.5.1693 there were the leases on 1,000 acres granted by St. Leger Gilbert to Despards in Queen’s County – prior to that the properties were ‘of Annesley and Coote’. I repeat that I have found no earlier records of the use of the Despard name, but that does not necessarily mean that it was not used.