Anglo-French Relations The Cloak of Secrecy A personal voyage of detection

King Richard the Third's Secretary of State: A son of Jean de Foix, Earl of Kendal?

From these came:

The Cat the Rat and Lovel our dog
Ruleth all England under a Hog

It was in 1484 that Richard’s son died at Middleham in Yorkshire. At first Richard chose the Duke of Clarence’s son, the ten year old Edward (later, Earl of Warwick) to succeed him. He then changed his will to appoint instead his nephew, John de la Pole (Earl of Lincoln) as his successor. (Tree 2)

Francis Lovell’s wardship was granted in 1467 to Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, and he was brought up in Warwick’s household at Middleham, where he received his knightly training. On the death of Richard Neville (The Kingmaker) at Barnet in 1471, Lovell’s wardship was granted to John de la Pole, husband of King Edward’s sister Elizabeth. Francis eventually married Anne Fitzhugh whose mother was Warwick’s niece. In 1483 he was appointed Chamberlain of King Richard’s Household and Chief Butler of England. He went on to fight at Bosworth with Richard, but escaped and ended up in Flanders with Margaret Duchess of Burgundy, Richard’s sister. She sent him to Ireland with Lambert Simnel, and he then crossed to England to fight the Battle of Stoke in 1487, where he may have died. And there John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln, did die.

My thanks to Anne Sutton of the Richard the Third Society who has referred me to articles published in ‘The Ricardian’. Ms Sutton reports that Dr Rosemary Horrox searched the records in Yorkshire expecting to find John Kendall mentioned in or as executor of wills there, as a result both of his position and abilities. She found nothing on this.

John Kendall’s property which was seized following his attainder after Bosworth consisted of the Manors of Peddington, Avenscourt and Wicke in Gloucestershire, which were held of William Berkeley, Earl of Nottingham, but which may have been acquired from him as a clear purchase. Ms. Sutton also speculated as to whether these represented inherited property. Berkeley had married Elizabeth West but was divorced from her in 1467.



  1. Since King Richard’s will is of such importance these days in the debate about where he intended to be interred, do you have a source for your statement that he changed his will to appoint his nephew John de la Pole as his successor? Some people argue that we cannot know Richard’s intention in that regard since he left no will, while others are of the opinion that Richard, like other medieval men going to battle, certainly left a will, but that it was probably destroyed by Tudor’s men after Bosworth.

    1. Thank you for this. I do not have a primary source but secondary sources are many eg:
      William Toone’s The Chronological Historian (1828) Vol 1 p.110
      James Anderson’s A genealogical History of the House of Yvery (1742) Vol.1 p294
      The Works of Francis Bacon (edition 1854) Vol 1 p.739
      King Richard’s appointment of John de la Pole as his successor is what gave rise to the claims of the ‘White Rose’ please see Desmond Seward’s book of that title.

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