Anglo-French Relations The Cloak of Secrecy A personal voyage of detection

An Instrument of French Foreign Policy: The Secret Treaty of Dover

The terms of this included the following:

  1. There shall be everlasting friendship between the Kings of France and Great Britain and their heirs
  2. The King of Great Britain being convinced of the truth of the Catholic religion, and resolved to declare it and reconcile himself with the Church of Rome as soon as the welfare of his kingdom will permit… and his most Christian Majesty… to contribute to so glorious a design… promises to give for that purpose… the sum of two million livres tournois, of which half shall be paid three months after the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty, in specie to the order of the said Lord King of Great Britain at Calais, Dieppe, or Havre de Grace, or remitted by letters of exchange to London at the risk, peril and expense of the said most Christian King, and the other half in the same manner three months later. In addition the said most Christian King binds himself to assist his Majesty of Great Britain in case of need with troops to the number of 6,000 foot-soldiers, and even to raise and maintain them at his own expense, so far as the said Lord King of Great Britain finds need of them for the execution of his design… and the time of the said declaration of Catholicism is left entirely to the choice of the said lord King of Great Britain.
  3. It has also been agreed between the (Kings) that the most Christian King shall never break or infringe the peace which he has made with Spain (where Spain had recognised the independence of Portugal and renounced claims to possessions in the New World including Jamaica)
  4. That they have more than enough reasons… to humble the pride of the States General of the United Provinces of the Low countries, and to reduce the power of a nation which has so often rendered itself odious in the extreme… it is agreed, decided and concluded that their Majesties will declare and wage war jointly with all their forces by land and sea on the said States General… and that neither of the said lord Kings will make any treaty of peace, or truce or suspension of arms with them without the knowledge and consent of the other, as also that all commerce between the subjects of the said lord Kings and those of the said States shall be forbidden…


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