Anglo-French Relations The Cloak of Secrecy A personal voyage of detection

An Instrument of French Foreign Policy: The Secret Treaty of Dover
  1. And for the purpose of waging and conducting the war… lord King of Great Britain binding himself only to contribute to the army of the said most Christian King, and to maintain there at his own expense, a body of 6,000 infantry, whose commanding officer shall hold the rank of General, and obey his Most Christian Majesty…
  2. As to what concerns the war at sea, the said lord King of Great Britain shall undertake the burden and shall fit out at least fifty great ships and ten fire ships to which the said most Christian King shall bind himself to add a squadron of thirty good French vessels. Of which the smallest shall carry forty pieces of cannon… commanded by a French vice-admiral or Lieutenant-General who shall obey the orders of his Royal Highness the Duke of York……and in order that the said lord King of Great Britain may more easily support the expense of the war, his most Christian Majesty binds himself to pay to the said lord King each year that the said war shall last the sum of three million livres tournois in the aforesaid manner, of which the first payment which shall be 750,000 livres tournois, shall be made three months before the declaration of war, the second of like sum at the time of the said declaration, and the remainder amounting to 1,500,000 livres tournois six months after the said declaration. And in the years following, the first payment, which shall be 750,000 livres tournois, shall be made on 1st February, the second of like sum on 1st May, and the third amounting to 1,500,000 livres tournois on 15th October; which sums shall be paid in specie (as before provided)
  3. And for the better union of the minds and interests of the subjects of the said lord Kings, it has been agreed that the treaty of commerce at present being made shall be concluded as soon as possible.

The entire Treaty was formulated with only the limited intimate circle of King Charles involved. There was no wider English Government approval of these terms. If it was not the King of England who had conducted himself in this manner it would almost certainly have been treason. I have to wonder whether King Charles read this Treaty with his mind on the treason charges levied against his father for inciting the Scots to make war on England!



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